By Adil James, TMO
Despite ISNAâ€™s endorsement of the moon calculations performed by the Fiqh Council of North America, the debate in the Muslim community over the necessity of physically sighting the moon continues, and an interesting contribution to that debate has been made by Mr. Nabeel Tarabishy, of Goodsamt, LLC. Mr. Tarabishy spoke Saturday night at the Islamic Cultural Association before a small gathering on the subject â€œThe Moon and the Islamic Calendar.â€
Mr. Tarabishyâ€™s speech delved into background issues concerning the astronomy of moon sighting, and then described his own approach to the issue in relation to the ongoing debate.
He began by exploring the Qur`anic Ayas concerning seeking knowledge, pointing out the important issue that Allah in Holy Qur`an said that the intercalation of the months that had been done by the pagan Arabs before Islam was not just wrong, not just kufr, but was â€œexcessive kufr,â€ thus showing the importance to Allah of our seeking to understand and abide by the underlying structure of the universe determined the Almighty. â€œWe canâ€™t change the facts of the universe according to our desire, we must accept facts, and truth,â€ he said.
Allah Himself divided the year into 12 months, the week into 7 days.
Tarabishy also pointed out that no world civilization has existed without a calendar, and he explored the history of the Christian Julian and Gregorian calendars. He explained that the lunar year is 11 days shorter than the solar year, and he spoke about the intercalation done by the Jewish and Chinese calendars–which he explained is done in a â€œless chaoticâ€ fashion than was done by the pagan Arabs before Islam.
Then Tarabishy explored the physical dimensions of the lunar and solar progression through the seasons and months and years, and described the physical positions of those three astronomical bodies over the year.
Then he introduced his argument that the Islamic calendar–as a window to our history and culture and more–should be made as predictable as the solar calendar, arguing that it should be possible to plan travel to coincide with any specific day of the Islamic year, thus calculations will be necessary. He listed extremely prominent Muslim theologians who he said had endorsed calculation, including most notably Imam Shafiâ€™i.
His chief requirements of such a calculation-based Islamic calendar were that â€œfalse positivesâ€ and â€œfalse negativesâ€ contradictory to the physical sightings of the moon should be avoided or excluded.
To learn more, please visit his website, goodsamt.com.