By Tom Bousfield & Catrin Nye
A new exhibition aims to celebrate the role Muslims played in saving Jewish lives during the Holocaust.
The Bosnian Hardaga family helped shelter a family of Jews
The Righteous Muslim Exhibition is being launched at the Board of Deputies of British Jews in Bloomsbury, central London.
Photographs of 70 Muslims who sheltered Jews during World War II will be displayed alongside stories detailing their acts of heroism.
The exhibition hopes to inspire new research into instances of collaboration between the Muslim and Jewish communities.
Yad Vashem, Israelâ€™s official memorial to victims of the Holocaust, honours nearly 25,000 so-called â€œrighteous personsâ€ who risked their lives to protect the Jewish community during Nazi Germanyâ€™s reign of terror.
Some 70 Muslims have recently been added to the list. The exhibition explores their stories.
â€˜Empathy and cohesionâ€™
Among the â€œrighteousâ€ are the Hardaga family from Bosnia who provided shelter for the Jewish Kavilio family when German forces occupied Bosnia in 1943.
Half a century later, the Hardagas were themselves saved by the Kavilios during the Bosnian Civil War.
Threatened by the continuous shelling of Sarajevo, the Kavilio family appealed to the President of Bosnia to permit their erstwhile saviours to travel to Israel.
The exhibition documents the story of Bosnian Muslims who went to great lengths to preserve Jewish tradition by safeguarding the Sarajevo Haggadah, a 600-year-old manuscript which narrates the Exodus from Egypt every Passover. In 1492, when Spain expelled the countryâ€™s Jews, a refugee carried the book to Italy. It was then taken to Bosnia by a rabbi who passed it down through his family until a descendant, Joseph Cohen, sold it to the National Museum in 1894. When a Nazi official came to seize the Haggadah during World War II, two men spirited it through Nazi checkpoints, carrying it to a village in the mountains above Sarajevo. A Muslim cleric kept it hidden beneath the floor of a mosque until the war ended. During Bosniaâ€™s 1992-95 war, Dr Enver Imanovic, the Muslim museum director, and several Serb policemen risked sniper fire to reach the museum, and concealed the Haggadah in a safe at the National Bank, where it remained until the end of the war.
Fiyaz Mughal, director of the charity Faith Matters and co-author of the accompanying booklet The Role of the Righteous Muslims said: â€œThese communities were dispersed in the aftermath of the Second World War, and as the older generation passes away these stories will be lost.â€
According to the 2011 Census, there are 2.7m Muslims and 263,000 Jews in England and Wales.
Mr Mughal hopes the exhibition will inspire young followers of both religions to research this area in partnership.
He said: â€œThatâ€™s the best thing for empathy and cohesion: shared learning and a common pride in who we are.â€
Through unearthing further tales of co-operation between Muslims and Jews, Mr Mughal hopes the exhibition can counterbalance emerging narratives that set the two religions at odds.
He said: â€œOne of the main drivers of the project is that there are some small sections in Jewish communities who are trying to rewrite history and say that Muslims overwhelmingly helped the Nazis.
â€œAnd on the other side, there is a small section of the Muslim community who do not want to talk about the Holocaust for the sake of not wanting to build up an empathy with Jewish communities.
â€œThat is unacceptable, because factually itâ€™s untrue.â€
Rabbi Natan Levy, exhibition co-ordinator, said: â€œThis programme provides a unique bridge between the two communities, so that they can celebrate together, remember together, and not be driven further apart.
â€œThere was a lovely moment when Fiyaz and I came together and quoted the same line from our respective scriptures: â€˜whosoever saves a single life saves the entire universeâ€™.â€
Mr Mughal said: â€œBesa, a national code of honour in Albania – similar to the Pashtu code in Afghanistan – led the Muslims to provide sanctuary during the Nazi occupation.
â€œThis is why the number of Jews actually increased in Albania during the Second World War.â€
More can be heard on this story on BBC Asian Network on Wednesday 17th April
BBC Asian Network