53. Yusuf (Joseph) (12)
Yusuf is the 53rd Surah revealed upon the Prophet. In the traditionally arranged Quran, it is the 12th Surah. It was revealed in Makkah and has 111 Ayah in 12 Ruku. It testifies the integrity of the character of all the messengers and reminds people that they were chosen by the creator on the basis of the strength of their character deeply rooted in the trust in Allah. It narrates the story of Prophet Joseph who suffered betrayal after betrayals from his family, captors, adopted family, prisoners with whom he shares a prison cell, yet he remained committed to the divine guidance to ultimately triumph. It says that the strength of character is the foundation of beating all odds.
54. Al-Hijr (15)
Al-Hijr is the 54th Surah according to the order of revelation and it is the 15th in the traditionally arranged Quran. It was revealed in Makkah and has 99 Ayah divided into six Ruku. It repeats the foundational message of the Quran on the purity and sincerity of the message of the Quran. It refers to the initial response of the people to the divine guidance that has often been a rejection of the divine call of the oneness of humanity. It invites people to seek forgiveness from God for their negligence. It draws people’s attention to the fate of the communities of Prophet Lot and Shuaib who suffered for their deviations and inability to seek forgiveness from Allah.
The main theme of the Surah is divine guidance, and people’s response. Allah’s warns those who deny this message and as a reminder of these warnings, we have here the stories of Prophet Lot’s people.
55. Al-An’am (The Cattle) (6)
Al-An’am is the 6th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran and it is the 55th that was revealed upon the Prophet. It was revealed in Makkah and has 165 Ayah in 20 Ruku. It explains the universal features of Islam and lays emphasis on monotheism. Never in the history of humanity had Allah given a message justifying polytheism. People were the ones who invented polytheism for lack of better judgment and clarity of ideas. Monotheism is based on truth and it would ultimately prevail. One of the leading causes for people to reject faith in the oneness of Allah is their arrogance that causes ungratefulness and leads to rejecting Allah and replacing him with self idols.
56 As Saffat (Those ranked in Ranks) (37)
As-Saffat is the 56th Surah revealed upon the Prophet and is the 37th in the chronologically arranged Quran. It was revealed in Makkah has 182 Ayah in 11 Ruku. It is the first Surah of the Quran that starts with an oath. Its focus is on the origin of human beings, their death and resurrection and it dwells upon the consequences of one’s actions in this life and hereafter. It gives admonitions to people and it warns them of dire consequences if they do not adhere to divine guidance.