Al-Kahf is 69th Surah revealed upon the Prophet and numbers 18 in the traditionally arranged Quran. It was revealed in Makkah and it has 110 Ayah and 12 Ruku. This Surah is full historical references of people of Cave, Gog and Magog, the pious king Dhul Qarnain and Prophet Moses and his teacher. Through narrating their stories, the Surah invites people to draw certain conclusions such as Allah’s message always finds place in sincere hearts, that the life we are given in this world would be taken away one day and we all would be raised, that those who are grateful to Allah would be recognized and rewarded, that a materialistic life would not help people on the last day of judgment, that the knowledge is a process of discovery and even with all discover the true knowledge stays with the creator and finally what often appears is not what is real.
An-Nahl (The Bee) (16)
An-Nahl is the 16th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran . It was the 70th Surah revealed upon the Prophet. It was revealed in Makkah and has 128 Ayah and 16 Ruku. This and six other Surah, i.e., Yunus, Yusuf, Al Ra’d, Ibrahim and Hijr) were revealed one after another just before the migration to Medina. It draws people’s attention to the physical world and everything that has been created in the cosmos and asks people to use their rational faculties to reach to the conclusion that it is one God who is the creator of all, hence human beings should not credit them for owning and controlling this world. They should remember their limitations and they should be grateful to the bounties and blessings of Allah. It also reasserts the ultimate reality that every human soul would be answerable to Allah for every action it led. It emphasizes on the universal character of the divine guidance. It rejects the notion that people have the authority to declare things forbidden or permitted because it is God who exclusively has that authority. It acknowledges the contribution of Prophet Ibrahim in laying the foundation for monotheism in an organized and structured manner.
Nooh (Noah) (71)
Nooh is one of those few Surah who order of the revelation and the arrangement in the traditional Quran is the same. It was revealed in Makkah and is the 71st Surah revealed upon the Prophet and it is 71st in its current arrangement. It has 28 Ayah and 2 Ruku. It reminds people of the factual story of Prophet Noah and the great flood. It explains the struggles he went through in delivering the message and facing stiff opposition and rejection even from amongst his own family members. It narrates the ridicule and humiliation people hurled upon him and gives the lesson that the truth never fails.
Ibrahim (Abraham) (14)
Ibrahim is the 72nd Surah revealed upon the Prophet and it numbers 14th in the traditionally arranged Quran. It was revealed in Makkah has 52 Ayah and 7 Ruku and is regarded as one of the last surahs revealed upon the Prophet. It gives details of the prayers, Prophet Ibrahim made in establishing the House of God in Makkah. It reminds people of the sacrifices and leadership of mother Hajira and son Ismail in living the mission of prophet Ibrahim. It acknowledges a historical fact that at the initial stage of their mission, all the messengers of God have faced tough times as people laugh at their claim and reject their ideas that challenge the status quo. Many were killed and many were ostracized, but none changed and compromised on the divine guidance. It pays tribute to the sacrifices of all who stood for truth. It assures people that the Satanic forces would ultimately be defeated by a determined, morally strong people.