File photo of Tawakkul Karman, the chairwoman of Women Journalists without Chains, shouting slogans during an anti-government protest in Sanaa February 10, 2011.
OSLO (Reuters) – Three women who have campaigned for rights and an end to violence in Liberia and Yemen, including Liberian President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday, the head of the Norwegian Nobel Committee said.
Another Liberian, Leymah Gbowee, who mobilized fellow women against the countryâ€™s civil war including by organizing a â€œsex strike,â€ and Tawakkul Karman, who has worked in Yemen, will share the prize worth $1.5 million with Johnson-Sirleaf, who faces re-election for a second term as president on Tuesday.
â€œWe cannot achieve democracy and lasting peace in the world unless women obtain the same opportunities as men to influence developments at all levels of society,â€ Committee chairman Thorbjoern Jagland told reporters.
â€œThe Nobel Peace Prize for 2011 is to be divided in three equal parts between Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for womenâ€™s rights to full participation in peace-building work.â€
Johnson-Sirleaf, 72, is Africaâ€™s first freely elected female president. Gbowee mobilized and organized women across ethnic and religious dividing lines to bring an end to the war in Liberia, and to ensure womenâ€™s participation in elections.
The Committee added: â€œIn the most trying circumstances, both before and during the Arab Spring, Tawakkul Karman has played a leading part in the struggle for womenâ€™s rights and for democracy and peace in Yemen.â€
â€œIt is the Norwegian Nobel Committeeâ€™s hope that the prize to Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman will help to bring an end to the suppression of women that still occurs in many countries, and to realize the great potential for democracy and peace that women can represent.â€
Speaking by telephone from Monrovia, Johnson-Sirleafâ€™s son James told Reuters: â€œI am over-excited. This is very big news and we have to celebrate.â€