Since 1901, Nobel Prizes have been awarded to individuals and organizations whose actions have made the world a better place.
In total, the Nobel Prizes has 919 individuals and 24 organizations as recipients. The Prizes have several subjects that range from Prize in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature and Peace. In 2019, 15 laureates have been awarded a Nobel Prize. All laureates have contributed great things to improve conditions for humanity.
The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize recipient is the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed Ali. He was awarded this prize for his work and initiative to create peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea. The two countries have been involved in an ongoing border conflict. He also reached out to political rivals to establish peace within Ethiopia’s borders and granted amnesty to those who willingly resigned from their positions. Additionally, Prime Minister Abiy reached out to Eritrean President Isais Afwerki and ended a two-year border war with a ceasefire. However, the conflict is still ongoing through proxies.
The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three individuals, James Peebles, Michel Mayor, and Didier Queloz “for contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos”. James Peebles works at Princeton University and won the award “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology”. University of Geneva’s Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz are recipients of the same award, but they received it “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star”.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019 has been awarded to John B. Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino “for the development of lithium-ion batteries”. John B. Goodenough is affiliated with the University of Texas in Austin, Texas. Stanley Whittingham is affiliated with Binghamton University and the State University of New York in New York, New York. Akira Yoshino is affiliated with Asahi Kasei Corporation in Tokyo, Japan and Meijo University in Nagoya, Japan. They each share one-third of the prize.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2019 has also been awarded to three individuals, William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza. They were awarded for “their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability”. William G. Kaelin Jr. is affiliated with Harvard Medical School, in Boston, Massachusetts and Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Chevy Chase, Maryland. Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe is affiliated with the University of Oxford in Oxford, United Kingdom and Francis Crick Institute in London, United Kingdom. Gregg L. Semenza is affiliated with Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Each recipient shares one-third of the prize.
Peter Handke is the recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature 2019. He received the prize for his “influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specify of human experience”. Handke is from Chaville, France.
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Science in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019 has been awarded to Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”. Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo are both affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Michael Kremer is affiliated with Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Each recipient shares one-third of the prize.