The 57th Surah Luqman revealed upon the Prophet is the 31st Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. It was revealed in Makkah has 34 Ayah in four Ruku. It establishes the principle of learning from those who are wise and whose message is rooted in monotheism. It asks people to learn from the example of Luqman, a wise man who asked his son to remain steadfast on the path of monotheism. It repeats the message given in many previous Surah that the belief in one God is the key to human success. It warns people of protecting them from the deceptive nature of things that often present them as useful to people.
Saba’ (Sheba) (34)
Saba is the 34th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. It was the 58th Surah revealed upon the Prophet. It was revealed in Makkah has 54 Ayah in six Ruku. It establishes the principle of assuming responsibility of one’s actions. It reminds people that those who pretend to lead them in this world in wrong directions would be the first ones to acknowledge their mistakes. It narrates the story of Kings David and Solomon and Queen Sheba. It elaborates the concepts of monotheism, the prophethood and the day of judgment and it reminds the people that a materialistic lifestyle will not benefit human beings.
Az-Zumar (The Throngs) (39)
This is the 59th Surah revealed upon the Prophet and it numbers 59th in the traditionally arranged Quran. It was revealed in Makkah and has 75 Ayah and eight Ruku. It reminds people to believe in the guidance of Allah that will free them from despair and hopelessness. It reasserts the uniqueness of monotheism and advises the people to understand the dangerous consequences of polytheism. It assures them that the creator of the universe is Allah and if the believers in him have difficulty in practicing their religion, they can migrate to another land where they can live without compromising their faith. It tells the rejecters of faith that they cannot persuade believers to renounce their faith. It reassures the humanity that Allah’s mercy is for all.
Al-Ghafir (Forgiving) (40)
Al-Ghafir is the 40th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran and in the chronological order of revelation, it numbers 60th. It has 85 Ayah in nine Ruku. It is one of the seven Surah that begins the word Ha-Mim. The others are HaMim al-Sajdah, al-Shura, al-Zukhruf, al-Dukhan, al-Jathiyah, and al-Ahqaf. Its main theme is that false pride prevents humans from accepting the truth. It invites believers to share the divine message with the rest of humanity to remind them of the purity of the idea of monotheism, and explain the dangers of polytheism. It asks people to learn from the history especially the history of the people who lived under the yoke of Pharaoh. It tells them that the repentance is open for all but when the judgment is passed it would not be accepted..