As-Saff is the 109th Surah revealed upon the Prophet. It was revealed in Medina and it is arranged as 61st Surah in the Quran. It has 14 Ayah in two Ruku. It places emphasis on the strength of faith in countering the opposition and exhorts believers to remain steadfast on the path of truth. It draws people’s attention to the followers of Moses and Jesus who broke their covenant with God and suffered the consequences. It asks believers to remain hopeful of the support of Allah to their cause.
Al-Jumu’ah (The Congregation) (62)
Al-Jumah is the 62nd Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. It is the 110th Surah revealed upon the Prophet. It was revealed in Medina and it has 11 Ayah and two Ruku. It establishes the principle that knowledge without actions does not produce desired results. It refers to previous religious communities who were knowledgeable but devoid of actions. It emphasizes the importance of Friday congregational prayers and suggests that their sustenance is in the hands of Allah, and the prayers would enable them to create an environment where they can earn sustenance from God in abundance.
Al-Fath (Victory) (48)
Al-Fath is the 111th Surah revealed upon the Prophet. In the traditionally arranged Quran, it occurs as 62nd Surah. It was revealed in Medina and it has 29 Ayah and four Ruku. It heralds the coming of a new world created under the leadership of Prophet on the basis of divine guidance. It refers to the peace treaty of Hudaybiyah and describes it as the foundation for this victory. It exposes hypocrites and their false allegations. It recognizes the sacrifices given by the believers in the establishment of such a community and society based on the idea of submission to Allah and it informs the future generations of the struggle they must engage in to ensure the continuity of the success that occurred during the time of the Prophet and his companions.
Al-Ma’idah (The Repast) (5)
Al-Maidah is the 5th Surah according to the arrangement of the Qur’an and 112th according to the order of revelation. It was revealed in Medina and it has 120 Ayah and 16 Ruku. It has the verse no 5:3 that is said to be the last verse revealed upon the Prophet. It revolves around the theme that Allah’s faith is complete and it is sent to give guidance to human beings. It refers to the movements led by Moses and Jesus in bring out the truth to their people and urges their Jews and Christians to be attentive to the message delivered by Prophet Muhammad as it testifies to what was said in Torah and Injeel. It reminds believers that justice is the essence of divine guidance and it must be preserved even if it goes against oneself. It also invites people to create a human brotherhood and sisterhood and build a society based on love and compassion. It explains that the world created by the divine is for the benefit of human beings and they try to explore it on the basis of their rational faculties and not on superstitions, false assumptions and blind following. It also warns people of the ill effects of gambling, consumption of intoxicant and consuming food offered to deities and idols. Finally, it refutes the idea that Jesus was God or the son of God. He was a mighty messenger and he delivered the divine message to the people known as Israelites to bring them back to the right path.